The tendency has continued in the new millennium as new organizations such as the union of south american nations (unasur) and the community of latin american and caribbean states (celac) have also committed themselves to assist and, if necessary, to sanction those countries in which democracy is breached.
New study ranks democracy in latin america by aq online | january 21, 2015 only two countries in latin america—costa rica and uruguay—can be considered broader and more solid definition [of democracy] outside of elections,” explained eiu’s regional director for latin america, irene mia.
Another challenge for democracy and well-being in latin america is the legacy of our military history in central america, peace agreements have been signed and democratic institutions put in place in the countries that were torn by war in the 1970s and 80s.
For decades, latin america’s troubled experience with democracy has served as a testing ground for theories on democratization and political regimes today, most countries in the region have established democratic institutions, and a return to full-fledged authoritarianism is unlikely. Support for democracy has fallen steadily across latin america and is now at its lowest level in more than a decade, according to latinobarómetro, a pollster across much of the region, frustration with violent crime — and the status quo in general — is fueling the rise of populists who openly disdain democratic institutions.
However, latin america is a paradox: it is the only region in the world that combines democratic regimes in almost all countries with large sectors of their populations living below the poverty line (279 percent for 2013, according to eclac), the most uneven economic distribution in the world, high levels of corruption and the highest homicide rate in the world.
Since the third wave reached latin america in 1978, the region had seen only occasional threats and temporary interruptions of democracy in individual nations the recent suffocation of political pluralism in a whole group of countries is without precedent.