In xunzi’s case, he means the human way, the way of good government and the proper way of behaving, not the way of heaven or nature as laozi and zhuangzi define it, and as mencius often suggests in fact, xunzi is notable for having probably the most rationalistic view of heaven and the supernatural in the early period. Mencius subscribed to the former, while hsun-tzu to the latter mencius tries to refute the view that human nature is neither good nor bad, arguing that humans are inherently good for mencius, the heart is a gift from the heavens which inherently contains compassion, shame, courtesy, and a sense of morality which will sprout into benevolence. This lesson will focus on the teachings of hsun-tzu in doing so, it will explore how his philosophies on the nature of man differ from those of confucius and mencius.
Alternative titles: hsün-tze, hsün-tzu, xun kuang, xun qing xunzi, xunzi’s view of human nature was, of course, radically opposed to that of mencius, who had optimistically proclaimed the innate goodness of man both thinkers agreed that all men are potentially capable of becoming sages, but for mencius this meant that every man has it. Plato, mencius, and hsun tzu on human nature reading response human beings have been faced with many challenges like war, power, and crime these challenges have caused problems for mankind and caused hatred.
Hsun tzu disagreed with mencius in saying that man's good acts are results of conscious effort rather than their nature he claimed that nature is what is given from heaven and cannot be learned or acquired through effort. Mencius and hsün tzu on human nature i mencius’ claim regarding the goodness of human nature 2a6 mencius said, “all men have the mind which cannot bear [to see the suffering of] othersthe ancient kings had this mind and therefore they had a government that could not bear to see the suffering of the people. Compare mencius and hsun tzu human nature the two confucians mencius and xunzi held opposing views about human nature mencius believed that human nature is good every person is born instilled with four main virtues righteousness, ritual property, wisdom and benevolence these virtues will only develop fully if it is nurtured and put to.
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While confucius himself did not explicitly focus on the subject of human nature, mencius asserted the innate goodness of the individual, the mencius (also spelled mengzi or meng-tzu), article discussing the view of ethics of mencius from the philosopher.
To the extent that mencius is concerned with justifying the ways of tian to humanity, he tends to do so without questioning these three assumptions about the nature of tian, which are rooted deep in the chinese past, as his views on government, human nature, and self-cultivation will show.
The statement that “[human] nature is good [xìng shàn]” is often misquoted as “[human] nature is fundamentally good [xìng bĕn shàn]” the latter phrase actually derives from a gloss on mencius's view popularized by the seminal commentator zhu xi (1130–1200.