The invasion of kuwait on 2 august 1990 was a two-day operation conducted by iraq against the neighboring state of kuwait, which resulted in the seven-month-long iraqi occupation of the country this invasion and iraq's subsequent refusal to withdraw from kuwait by a deadline mandated by the united nations  led to military intervention by a united nations-authorized coalition of forces led by the united states. After the invasion, saddam defied orders to retreat and the un imposed sanctions after months of deliberations and with un support, the united states and international coalition forces launched a full scale air and missile attack on iraq on january 16, 1991.
Iraq’s leader, saddam hussein, ordered the invasion and occupation of kuwait with the apparent aim of acquiring that nation’s large oil reserves, canceling a large debt iraq owed kuwait, and expanding iraqi power in the region. Once iraq invaded kuwait, us officials expected saddam to move on riyadh what if he did.
Responding to iraq’s invasion of kuwait, troops of the us 1st cavalry division deploy across the saudi desert, november, 1990 photograph: greg english/ap gulf leaders are to gather in jeddah, saudi arabia, today for an emergency meeting called by kuwait to consider a co-ordinated response. Saddam hussein & the invasion of kuwait in july 1979 the president, ahmed hasan al-bakr, was replaced by saddam hussein, his vice president, chosen successor, and the true ruler of iraq saddam then assumed both of the vacated offices and purged political rivals in order to assure his position.
Iraqi leader saddam hussein ordered the invasion and occupation of neighboring kuwait in early august 1990 alarmed by these actions, fellow arab powers such as saudi arabia and egypt called on.
The western and gulf nations united together to form a coalition to fight against iraq that followed the united nations resolution that iraq must pull out of iraq on january 15, 1991 they had several reasons for wanting iraq out of kuwait.
Saddam states reasons for kuwait invasion saddam stated that after the war with iran from 1980-88, iraq was trying to rebuild saddam likened the situation with kuwait as similar to when two individuals fight, the fight ends, and the two parties go their separate ways.
On aug 2, 1990, iraq invaded its neighbor kuwait, triggering a series of events that would culminate in the 1991 gulf war iraqi president saddam hussein ordered the invasion, citing unfair kuwaiti economic practices, perhaps owing to an unclear understanding of america's position.
Iraqi dictator saddam hussein, meanwhile, built up his occupying army in kuwait to about 300,000 troops on november 29, the un security council passed a resolution authorizing the use of force against iraq if it failed to withdraw by january 15, 1991. The invasion of kuwait on 2 august 1990 was a two-day operation conducted by iraq against the neighboring state of kuwait, which resulted in the seven-month-long iraqi occupation of the country. Saddam was given an ultimatum by the coalition, which also included france, britain, saudi arabia and egypt: leave kuwait or be driven out by military force saddam declared kuwait a new province of iraq. Kuwait is the second largest source of petroleum in the middle east and so iraqi invasion of kuwait sent the world oil market into a frenzy iraqi forces then gathered their forces on the border with saudi arabia, the second largest supplier of oil in the world.